Writing a research paper using mla format

This format is used by nearly 1, scholarly journals, newsletters, and magazines as well. In order to adhere to MLA requirements, you will need to make several tweaks to your initial page setup.

MLA Sample Paper // Purdue Writing Lab

Make sure that you know the specific requirements of your paper when setting page numbers because sometime a number is not required on the first page. If you decide to label the first part of your paper "Heading 1" each subsequent heading must be labeled accordingly in sequential order. All subheadings must also adhere to the same rule. In other words if you want to sub-head heading one like 1.

Like all other style formatting guidelines, MLA requires the use of in text citations for work that is paraphrased or quoted within a paper in order to attribute the work. Text citations, or paranthetical citations as they are better known, must be presented in a certain format depending on how the information is used. To directly quote another author in your paper your parenthetical citation would appear in one of the following ways:. As shown above, each in-text citation must include both the author's name as well as the page number where the information in the sentence can be located.

For example, look at some of these examples below to see how the citation and the Works Cited reference should change based on each unique situation. The information in these examples will correspond to an entry in the Works Cited section at the end of the paper formatted as follows:. I am making my paper more interesting by including this referenced idea that "the sky is blue The information in this example will correspond to an entry in the Works Cited section at the end of the paper formatted as follows:.

MLA Writing Format

Although some believe this interesting fact A. Author , others note that something else may be true B. Author, If more that three authors, mention all the first time and for each subsequent appearance use the last name of the first listed author followed by the abbreviation et al. The name of the author should be cited in-text if known. If not known, the name of the article can be cited.

MLA format for papers

The easiest way to prepare the ground for planting is to add a rich soil conditioner AuthorLastName, "Name of Article". As the final page for your research paper, you will need to create a works cited page. This page should contain all the specific information regarding the whereabouts of the specific information that was cited in parenthetical citations throughout your paper. All citations should be left justified. For instance, for the quote for Johnson in the "Author Is Known" section above, the entry on your Works Cited page would look like this:.

The Works Cited page must be listed in alphabetical order and double spaced just the same as the rest of the paper. By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please set a username for yourself. People will see it as Author Name with your public flash cards. Set the Margins Set the top and bottom margins at one inch and the left and right margins at one inch. Here's the format: LastName Blank Line Blank Line Page Number Make sure that you know the specific requirements of your paper when setting page numbers because sometime a number is not required on the first page.

tariseccy.tk Line Spacing Set line spacing to double space. Other General Formatting Requirements While MLA formatting is not as strict as some other citation styles, MLA does require that you use a legible font and keep the font a certain size. Before you begin to write your paper, make sure you intend to use a uniform heading plan throughout the whole of your document. Example: If you decide to label the first part of your paper "Heading 1" each subsequent heading must be labeled accordingly in sequential order. Many works of literature and sacred texts, as well as some classic nonfiction texts, fall into this category.

For these works, the original date of publication may be unavailable.

We Are the “Go-To” Experts for All Your MLA Paper Formatting Needs

If so, include the year of publication or translation for your edition. Refer to specific parts or chapters if you need to cite a specific section. Discuss with your instructor whether he or she would like you to cite page numbers in this particular instance. Here, the student is citing a classic work of psychology, originally written in German and later translated to English. To cite an introduction, foreword, preface, or afterword, cite the author of the material and the year, following the same format used for other print materials. Whenever possible, cite electronic sources as you would print sources, using the author, the date, and where appropriate, a page number.

For some types of electronic sources—for instance, many online articles—this information is easily available. Other times, however, you will need to vary the format to reflect the differences in online media.

How to Choose a Topic

If an online source has no page numbers but you want to refer to a specific portion of the source, try to locate other information you can use to direct your reader to the information cited. Some websites number paragraphs within published articles; if so, include the paragraph number in your citation. Precede the paragraph number with the abbreviation for the word paragraph and the number of the paragraph e.

Even if a source does not have numbered paragraphs, it is likely to have headings that organize the content. In your citation, name the section where your cited information appears, followed by a paragraph number. This student cited the appropriate section heading within the website and then counted to find the specific paragraph where the cited information was located. If an online source has no listed author and no date, use the source title and the abbreviation n. For personal communications, such as interviews, letters, and e-mails, cite the name of the person involved, clarify that the material is from a personal communication, and provide the specific date the communication took place.

Note that while in-text citations correspond to entries in the references section, personal communications are an exception to this rule. They are cited only in the body text of your paper.

My Step by Step Guide to Writing a Research Paper

Yardley, M. At work, you may sometimes share information resources with your colleagues by photocopying an interesting article or forwarding the URL of a useful website.


  1. MLA Format for Papers and Essays | Guidelines and Templates.
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Your goal in these situations and in formal research citations is the same. The goal is to provide enough information to help your professional peers locate and follow up on potentially useful information. Provide as much specific information as possible to achieve that goal, and consult with your professor as to what specific style he or she may prefer. Revisit the problem citations you identified in Note Review the guidelines provided in this section and edit your citations for these kinds of sources according to APA guidelines. This section provides detailed information about how to create the references section of your paper.

You will review basic formatting guidelines and learn how to format bibliographical entries for various types of sources. At this stage in the writing process, you may already have begun setting up your references section. This section may consist of a single page for a brief research paper or may extend for many pages in professional journal articles. As you create this section of your paper, follow the guidelines provided here. To set up your references section, use the insert page break feature of your word-processing program to begin a new page.

Note that the header and margins will be the same as in the body of your paper, and pagination continues from the body of your paper.


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  • In other words, if you set up the body of your paper correctly, the correct header and page number should appear automatically in your references section. See additional guidelines below. Reference entries should include the following information:. See the following examples for how to format a book or journal article with a single author. The following box provides general guidelines for formatting the reference page.

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